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Anerkjent av FCI
FCI nummer: 015
Gruppe 1: Bruks-, hyrde- og gjeterhunder
Seksjon 1: Fårehunder
Anerkjent av AKC
The Herding Group, created in 1983, is the newest AKC classification; its members were formerly members of the Working Group. All breeds share the fabulous ability to control the movement of other animals. A remarkable example is the low-set Corgi, perhaps one foot tall at the shoulders, that can drive a herd of cows many times its size to pasture by leaping and nipping at their heels. The vast majority of Herding dogs, as household pets, never cross paths with a farm animal. Nevertheless, pure instinct prompts many of these dogs to gently herd their owners, especially the children of the family. In general, these intelligent dogs make excellent companions and respond beautifully to training exercises.
ANDRE NAVN: Belgian Sheepdog, Chien de Berger Belge
VEKT: Hann: 22-28kg
Tispe: 20-26kg
HØYDE: Hann: 60-66cm
Tispe: 56-62cm
FARGE(R): Svart
PELS: Myk overpels med mye underull

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Belgian Sheepdog
Om Belgian Sheepdog:

Elegant and proud, the Belgian Sheepdog is strong, but not bulky. During WWI, Belgian Sheepdogs distinguished themselves on the battlefields, serving as message carriers, ambulance dogs, and even pulling machine guns. It is no wonder that today this breed performs well in sports like obedience, herding, and tracking. They are also excellent workers, and work as search and rescue dogs, guide dogs, and therapy dogs. This breed is completely black, or may be black with white, although there are limitations to their white markings.

A Look Back
The Belgian Sheepdog is known as the Groenendael, or Chien de Berger Belge in most parts of the world. The breed’s origin can be traced to the late 1800's where it was listed in both stud books and at dog shows. A versatile animal, it performed a variety of functions and worked as a herder, watchdog and companion.

Right Breed for You?
The Belgian Sheepdog is happiest with an owner who can give him plenty of jobs to do. This breed gets along with gentle children, and will thrive in either country or suburban living if exercise is readily available. This is also a protective breed, and his intelligence and trainability make him an excellent watch dog. His long coat should be brushed weekly.

  • Herding Group; AKC recognized in 1912.
  • Ranging in size from 22 to 26 inches tall at the shoulder.
  • Sheep herder; livestock guardian.


General Appearance
The first impression of the Belgian Sheepdog is that of a well balanced, square dog, elegant in appearance, with an exceedingly proud carriage of the head and neck. He is a strong, agile, well muscled animal, alert and full of life. His whole conformation gives the impression of depth and solidity without bulkiness. The male dog is usually somewhat more impressive and grand than his female counterpart. The bitch should have a distinctly feminine look. Faults - Any deviation from these specifications is a fault. In determining whether a fault is minor, serious, or major, these two factors should be used as a guide: 1. The extent to which it deviates from the standard. 2. The extent to which such deviation would actually affect the working ability of the dog.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Males should be 24-26 inches in height and females 22-24 inches, measured at the withers. Males under 22½ or over 27½ inches in height and females under 20½ or over 25½ inches in height shall be disqualified. The length, measured from point of breastbone to point of rump, should equal the height. Bitches may be slightly longer. Bone structure should be moderately heavy in proportion to his height so that he is well balanced throughout and neither spindly or leggy nor cumbersome and bulky. The Belgian Sheepdog should stand squarely on all fours. Side view - The topline, front legs, and back legs should closely approximate a square.

Clean-cut and strong, overall size should be in proportion to the body. Expression indicates alertness, attention, readiness for activity. Gaze should be intelligent and questioning. Eyes brown, preferably dark brown. Medium size, slightly almond shaped, not protruding. Ears triangular in shape, stiff, erect, and in proportion to the head in size. Base of the ear should not come below the center of the eye. Ears hanging (as on a hound) shall disqualify. Skull - Top flattened rather than rounded. The width approximately the same, but not wider than the length. Stop moderate. Muzzle moderately pointed, avoiding any tendency to snipiness, and approximately equal in length to that of the topskull. The jaws should be strong and powerful. Nose black without spots or discolored areas. The lips should be tight and black, with no pink showing on the outside. Teeth - A full complement of strong, white teeth, evenly set. Should not be overshot or undershot. Should have either an even bite or a scissors bite.

Neck, Topline, Body
Neck round and rather outstretched, tapered from head to body, well muscled, with tight skin. Topline--The withers are slightly higher and slope into the back, which must be level, straight, and firm from withers to hip joints. Chest not broad, but deep. The lowest point should reach the elbow, forming a smooth ascendant curve to the abdomen. Abdomen--Moderate development. Neither tucked up nor paunchy. The loin section, viewed from above, is relatively short, broad and strong, but blending smoothly into the back. The croup is medium long, sloping gradually. Tail strong at the base, bone to reach hock. At rest the dog holds it low, the tip bent back level with the hock. When in action he raises it and gives it a curl, which is strongest toward the tip, without forming a hook. Cropped or stump tail shall disqualify.

Shoulder long and oblique, laid flat against the body, forming a sharp angle (approximately 90 degrees) with the upper arm. Legs straight, strong and parallel to each other. Bone oval rather than round. Development (length and substance) should be well proportioned to the size of the dog. Pastern medium length, strong, and very slightly sloped. Feet round (cat footed), toes curved close together, well padded. Nails strong and black, except that they may be white to match white toe tips.

Legs--Length and substance well proportioned to the size of the dog. Bone oval rather than round. Legs are parallel to each other. Thighs broad and heavily muscled. The upper and lower thigh bones approximately parallel the shoulder blade and upper arm respectively, forming a relatively sharp angle at stifle joint. The angle at the hock is relatively sharp, although the Belgian Sheepdog does not have extreme angulation. Metatarsus medium length, strong and slightly sloped. Dewclaws, if any, should be removed. Feet slightly elongated. Toes curved close together, well padded. Nails strong and black, except that they may be white to match white toe tips.

The guard hairs of the coat must be long, well fitting, straight and abundant. They should not be silky or wiry. The texture should be a medium harshness. The undercoat should be extremely dense, commensurate, however, with climatic conditions. The Belgian Sheepdog is particularly adaptable to extremes of temperature or climate. The hair is shorter on the head, outside of the ears, and lower part of the legs. The opening of the ear is protected by tufts of hair. Ornamentation-- Especially long and abundant hair, like a collarette, around the neck; fringe of long hair down the back of the forearm; especially long and abundant hair trimming the hindquarters, the breeches; long, heavy and abundant hair on the tail.

Black. May be completely black, or may be black with white, limited as follows: Small to moderate patch or strip on forechest. Between pads of feet. On tips of hind toes. On chin and muzzle (frost may be white or gray). On tips of front toes--allowable, but a fault. Disqualification
Any color other than black, ex-cept for white in specified areas. Reddening due to climatic conditions in an otherwise correct coat should not be grounds for disqualification.

Motion should be smooth, free and easy, seemingly never tiring, exhibiting facility of movement rather than a hard driving action. He tends to single track on a fast gait; the legs, both front and rear, converging toward the center line of gravity of the dog. The backline should remain firm and level, parallel to the line of motion, with no crabbing. He shows a marked tendency to move in a circle rather than a straight line.

The Belgian Sheepdog should reflect the qualities of intelligence, courage, alertness and devotion to master. To his inherent aptitude as a guardian of flocks should be added protectiveness of the person and property of his master. He should be watchful, attentive, and always in motion when not under command. In his relationship with humans, he should be observant and vigilant with strangers, but not apprehensive. He should not show fear or shyness. He should not show viciousness by unwarranted or unprovoked attack. With those he knows well, he is most affectionate and friendly, zealous of their attention, and very possessive. Viciousness is a disqualification.

Males under 22½ or over 27½ inches in height and females under 20½ or over 25½ inches in height.
Ears hanging (as on a hound).
Cropped or stump tail.
Any color other than black.

Approved December 11, 1990
Effective January 30, 1991


The Belgian Sheepdog is known as the Groenendael, or Chien de Berger Beige in most parts of the world. Its origin can be traced to the late 1800's when it was listed, both in stud books and at dog shows, among many other shepherds as the Chien de Berger de Races Continentales (Continental Shepherds). By pedigree we can identify many of the Continental Shepherds not only as the Belgian Shepherds (Groenendael, Malinois, Tervuren, and Laekenois), but also as German Shepherds, Hollander Herders, Beauceron, Bouvier des Flandres, and Briards.

As the European countries developed a sense of pride and a spirit of nationalism, many individuals worked to develop animals that would be identified with their own countries. In Belgium, in the late 1800's, efforts were made to determine if there was a true shepherd dog representative only of Belgium, and in September 1891, the Club du Chien de Berger Beige (Belgian Shepherd Club) was formed for this purpose. Between 1891 and 1901, when the Belgian Shepherd was registered as a breed by the Societe Royale Saint-Hubert, efforts were directed toward developing a standard, improving type, and exhibiting.

Interest in the Belgian Shepherds developed very quickly after they were recognized as a breed. Prior to World War I it had become apparent that, although called a shepherd or sheepdog, the Groenendael was a versatile animal, and with its keen intelligence and easy trainability, it could perform a variety of functions. The Paris police utilized the Groenendael in the first decade of the 20th century, as did the New York police who, in 1908, imported four Belgian Sheepdogs to work alongside an American-bred Groenendael.

In the same period, Belgian Customs officers employed the Groenendael for border patrols, and their efforts in capturing smugglers were greatly praised. The Groenendael were also used as herders, watchdogs, faithful companions, and became outstanding participants in the popular European "working trials," from the local trial through international competitions. The Groenendael, "Jules du Moulin," demonstrated this versatility by earning his World Championship at the defense trials in France in 1908. Repeating his victories in 1909, 1910, and 1912, he also earned his International Championship at the police trials of Belgium and France for four straight years, 1909-1912.

During World War I, Belgian Sheepdogs distinguished themselves on the battlefields, serving as message carriers, ambulance dogs, and even pulling machine guns. Although first registered in the United States as early as 1911, their fame really took hold after the war. The Belgian Sheepdog Club of America was formed in 1919, and it was not uncommon to see ten or twelve Belgian Sheepdogs exhibited at the larger Eastern shows in the 1920's. By 1926, the Belgian Sheepdog was ranked 42nd of the 100 breeds recognized by the AKC.

The Great Depression had a marked effect on the Belgian Sheepdog. Its popularity dropped to 97th place, and the American club ceased to function. World War II again found the Belgian Sheepdog serving as a war and defense dog, and many were utilized to guard military installations. Interest in the breed was rekindled after the war and the current Belgian Sheepdog Club of America was formed in 1949. Since then, many Groenendael have been imported and the interest in the breed has continued to grow.

Through an AKC decision, effective July 1, 1959, only the Groenendael can be registered as Belgian Sheepdogs, and must have three generations of Groenendael ancestors.

Throughout their history Belgian Sheepdogs have earned their reputation as truly well-rounded dogs, and to this day they continue to captivate our hearts. Their elegance of carriage and balanced movement are a pleasure to behold. Their talents in obedience, tracking, schutzhund, herding, and as sled dogs have kept even the most activity-minded of us satisfied. Their skills in police work, search and rescue, and as guide and therapy dogs have proven very valuable to society These dogs have found their greatest value, however, in the hearts of their owners as gentle and devoted companions willing to give all to those they love.

Farger og egenheter:

Description Type Code
Black S 007
Black & White S 019
Black & Cream A 010
Brown A 061
Fawn A 082
Fawn & Black A 083
Gray A 100
Gray & Black A 101
Sable A 164
Silver A 176
Silver & Black A 177
Wolfgray & Black A 228
Description Type Code
Black Mask A 004
Spotted A 021
White Markings A 014


Visste du?

  • The Belgian Sheepdog is known as the Groenendael, or Chien de Berger Belge in most parts of the world.
  • The Belgian Sheepdog has its origin in the late 1800's when it was listed as the Chien de Berger de Races Continentales (Continental Shepherds), a group that includes GSD's, Hollander Herders, Beauceron, Bouviers, and Briards.
  • In the late 1800's, efforts were made to propagate a "Belgian breed" for nationalistic purposes, resulting in the Club du Chien de Berger Belge (Belgian Shepherd Club), a group that eventually fostered the rise of the Belgian Sheepdog.
  • The longhaired black Belgian Shepherds primarily owe their existence to Nicolas Rose, who purchased what are considered to be the foundation couple of the Belgian Sheepdog.
  • During WWI, Belgian Sheepdogs distinguished themselves on the battlefields, serving as message carriers, ambulance dogs, and even pulling machine guns.
  • The Great Depression had a marked effect on the Belgian Sheepdog, which had previously risen to great popularity in the US and elsewhere. However, they rose back to fame post-WWII, when it was decided that only the Groenendael type could be registered as a Belgian Sheepdog - not any Belgian Shepherd - a rule that took effect in 1956.