Bergamasco
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Bergamasco


Størrelse:
Aktivitet:
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Bergamasco:
FCI:
Anerkjent av FCI
FCI nummer: 194
Gruppe 1: Bruks-, hyrde- og gjeterhunder
Seksjon 1: Fårehunder
 
AKC:
Anerkjent av AKC
Foundation Stock Service (FSS)
Each of the following breeds has been accepted for recording in the AKC Foundation Stock Service®. The AKC provides this service to allow these purebred breeds to continue to develop while providing them with the security of a reliable and reputable avenue to maintain their records. FSS® breeds are not eligible for AKC registration. Several of the FSS breeds are approved to compete in AKC Companion Events. To review the complete list of breeds approved to compete in companion events, click here. Contact information is available for a majority of the Foundation Stock Service® breeds. The AKC does not recommend one club over another. None of the clubs are affiliated with the AKC at this time (except for the coonhound national breed clubs).
ANDRE NAVN: Cane da pastore bergamasco
 
STØRRELSE: Stor
VEKT: Hann: 32-38 kg
Tispe: 26-32 kg
HØYDE: Hann: 54-62 cm
Tispe: 54-62 cm
FARGE(R): Grå,grå flekket,alle nyanser til svart
PELSLENGDE: Langt
PELS: Hard, raggete
PELSSTELL: Lite
ALLERGI: Ja
AKTIVITET: Endel
 

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Bergamasco
 

Bergamasco
Om Bergamasco:

Eligible Registries: Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana, Italy, Bergamasco Sheepdog Club of America, Any Acceptable Domestic or Foreign Registry

Contact: Bergamasco Sheepdog Club of America, Juan-Manuel Olivera-Silvera, BSCA AKC Coordinator; e-mail: ciruj@aim.com; phone: 718-398-6686


Rasebeskrivelse:

  • From the February 2010 Board Meeting - The Bergamasco Sheepdog Club of America will serve as the AKC Parent Club to represent the Bergamasco and will be eligible to compete in the Miscellaneous Class, effective January 1, 2011.
  • From the May 2007 Board Meeting - The Bergamasco will be eligible to compete in Companion Events effective January 1, 2008.


Historikk:

The first centers for domestication of sheep and goats appears to be the Zagros Mountains which straddle the Iraq-Iran border. In this region originated a type of dogs with long, bristly coats, probably descended from a wolf with a very thick coat ("Canis lupus laniger").

The dogs emigrated with shepherding population groups that moved from east to west in search of new pastures, settling in mountainous zones along a practically uninterrupted line from the upper planes of Asia over all the mountains of Anatolia, the Caucasus, the Carpathians, the Alps, the French Central Massif to the Pyrenees. Certain of these nomads ultimately settled in the Italian Alps and remained there; their dogs became what is now known as the Bergamasco.

The characteristics shared by all these dogs are: a robust constitution and thick, rough haired coats with more or less pronounced tendencies to felting on all parts of the body including the head where the hair often forms a curtain in front of the eyes.

These characteristics have become inbred due to adaptation to the climate and geographical locations of their places of origin and maintained through environmental conditions. For instance, the felting protects against harsh mountain winter climates, as well as from bites and attacks from wolves and other predators of the flock. The curtain of hair over the eyes protects them from the bright sunlight reflected on the snow.

In Italy, the dogs that became the Bergamascos worked closely with their shepherds in a one-to-one relationship, the goal of which was to protect the flock. Unlike some other shepherding breeds, which are taught to execute exact commands from their masters, the Bergamasco enjoyed a unique partnership with its shepherd in the isolated high mountain valleys: with just one human, a small number of dogs, and hundreds of sheep to tend, the shepherd needed his helpers to be as independent as possible, and so the Bergamasco was developed to problem-solve on its own. Thus, while it learned to take its lead from its shepherd, the manner in which it accomplished what the shepherd wanted was left up to it. And so, it learned to identify problems and to think its way through them, and to accomplish the goal in whichever way seemed best, given the always changing circumstances in the mountain valleys.

As a result, Bergamascos developed into a highly intelligent breed that combines a deep desire to please and help its master with an ability to think for itself and to figure out its own ways to accomplish the mutual goals. Thus, to a certain extent, it for good reason sees itself more as an equal working partner than as an inferior subordinate. This makes the Bergamasco an excellent choice for a person who appreciates intelligence and self-sufficiency in a companion.

Bergamascos began to mongrelize and were in danger of becoming extinct after World War II, when wool production fell off and there was less need for shepherding dogs. Dr. Maria Andreoli, an Italian breeder, was instrumental in saving the breed before it became extinct. As a trained scientist, she was able to study and observe the genetic traits of the breed, and through 40 years of careful breeding has developed many lines of champion dogs. It is largely due to Mrs. Andreoli and her Dell' Albera kennel that good, established reliable bloodlines were developed, and it is through her generous help and sharing of her knowledge and expertise that the Bergmasco has been able to be so successfully introduced and developed in the US.

 


Farger og egenheter:

Colors
 
Description Type Code
 
Black S 007
Gray S 100
 
Markings
 
Description Type Code
 
Black Patches S 088

 




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  • The Bergamasco has been assigned the Herding Group designation.
  • The Bergamasco is also known as the Cane da Pastore Bergamasco.
  • The Bergamasco has been recorded in the Foundation Stock Service since 1997.
  • Despite its formidable appearance, underneath that coat the Bergamasco is really a trim, athletic dog weighing 50-75 lbs, with no tendency to overeat.
  • Bergamascos have extremely long upper eyelashes to keep the curtain of hair that falls from their forehead out of their eyes. The curtain of hair is to protect the Bergamasco's eyes from snowblindness.
  • The Bergamasco traces its origins back nearly 7,000 to what is now Iran.
  • The Bergamasco's coat contains "dog hair" "goat hair" and "wool" which combine to form feltlike mats that grow over the course of the dog's life, reaching the ground at approximately 6 years of age. The coat can actually smell like a sweater when it is wet. Most people with allergies to dogs are not allergic to the Bergamasco coat; however, those with allergies to wool or lanolin have been known to react. Thus the Bergamasco has many similarities to the sheep it has lived to protect.
  • The Bergamasco has extremely acute hearing and an almost psychic awareness of its environment. With these faculties, they can be very reliable predictors of approaching visitors or violent behavior. They have even been known to warn unsuspecting people that another dog was preparing to attack.
  • The Bergamasco is a very sociable animal, developing independent relationships with each person in the household, and relating to them in an individualized way.