Russian toy
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Russian toy

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Russian toy:
Anerkjent av FCI
FCI nummer: 352
Gruppe 9: Selskapshunder
Anerkjent av AKC
Foundation Stock Service (FSS)
Each of the following breeds has been accepted for recording in the AKC Foundation Stock Service®. The AKC provides this service to allow these purebred breeds to continue to develop while providing them with the security of a reliable and reputable avenue to maintain their records. FSS® breeds are not eligible for AKC registration. Several of the FSS breeds are approved to compete in AKC Companion Events. To review the complete list of breeds approved to compete in companion events, click here. Contact information is available for a majority of the Foundation Stock Service® breeds. The AKC does not recommend one club over another. None of the clubs are affiliated with the AKC at this time (except for the coonhound national breed clubs).
ANDRE NAVN: Russisk toy, Russkiy toy
VEKT: Hann: 1,5-3kg
Tispe: 1,5-3kg
HØYDE: Hann: 20-28cm
Tispe: 20-28cm
FARGE(R): Sort og tan, brun og tan, blå og tan, rød
PELS: Tettliggende, skinnende.

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Russian toy

Russian Toy
Om Russian Toy:

Eligible Registries: Any Acceptable Domestic or Foreign Registry

Contact: Russian Toy Club of America, Corresponding Secretary: Jamie Walters, 433 Riley Street, Dundee, MI 48131,

Contact: Russian Toy Dog Club of America, Anki Larsson,, phone 614-761-2684, cell 614-395-1591


  • From the July 2009 Board Meeting – The Russian Toy was approved to compete in AKC Companion Events effective January 1, 2010.
  • From the August 2008 Board Meeting – Two new breeds were added to the Foundation Stock Service Program – the Spanish Mastiff and Russian Toy.


At the beginning of the 20th century, the English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular toy dogs in Russia. However, in the period 1920 – 1950 the breeding of pure toy terriers was almost stopped and the number of dogs fell to a critical level. Only in the mid-fifties did Russian dog-breeders begin the revival of the breed. Practically all dogs which were used for breeding had no pedigrees; many of them were not pure blood. The Standard drafted for Toy Terriers significantly differed from that of the English Toy Terrier in many aspects. From this moment, the evolution of the breed in Russia went its own way.

On the 12th of October, 1958 two smooth-haired dogs, one of which had slightly longer hair, gave birth to a male dog with a spectacular fringes on ears and limbs. It was decided to keep this feature. The male was mated with a female which also had slightly long hair. Thus the longhaired variety of the Russian Toy appeared. It was called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier.

It was during a long period of development, in an isolated context, along with a specifically conducted selection that a new breed was created: the Russian Toy with two varieties: Longhaired and smooth-haired.

Farger og egenheter:

Description Type Code
Black & Tan S 018
Blue & Tan S 044
Brown & Tan S 262
Red S 140
Red & Brown S 143
Red Sable S 155


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  • The Russian Toy has been assigned the Toy Group designation.
  • The Russian Toy has been recorded in the Foundation Stock Service since August 2008.
  • The Russian Toy comes in two varieties, the Smooth Coat which has a short, shiny, close-lying coat and the Long Coat which has profuse featherings on the ears, tail, and back of limbs.
  • The breed was developed in 19th century Russia and was a popular companion for the aristocracy.
  • The first reference to the breed is attributed to an entry of 11 Russian Toy Terriers at an exhibition in St. Petersburg in May of 1907.
  • The first official standard for the two varieties was written in 1966.
  • The Smooth Coat Russian Toy was once known as the Russian Toy Terrier and the Long Coat Russian Toy was once known as the Moscow Long Haired Toy Terrier. In 1988 the two varieties were added together as the Russian Toy Terrier with Smooth Coat and Long Coat varieties. The term "Terrier" was dropped from the breed’s name when it was added to the official list of breeds registered with the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.
  • The breed has survived two near extinctions. The first was during the rise of Communism in Russia. It was frowned upon keep these small dogs that were intrinsically linked to the aristocracy. The second was with the fall of the "Iron Curtain", a number of other small breeds were imported for the first time and favors for the Russian Toy began to diminish again.
  • Both varieties are still extremely rare. The breed was virtually unheard of outside of its native homeland until the 1990’s.