Berner Sennenhund
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Berner Sennenhund


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Berner Sennenhund:
FCI:
Anerkjent av FCI
FCI nummer: 045
Gruppe 2: Pinscher-, schnauzer-, molosser og sennenhunder
Seksjon 3: Sennenhundene
 
AKC:
Anerkjent av AKC
Working
Dogs of the Working Group were bred to perform such jobs as guarding property, pulling sleds and performing water rescues. They have been invaluable assets to man throughout the ages. The Doberman Pinscher, Siberian Husky and Great Dane are included in this Group, to name just a few. Quick to learn, these intelligent, capable animals make solid companions. Their considerable dimensions and strength alone, however, make many working dogs unsuitable as pets for average families. And again, by virtue of their size alone, these dogs must be properly trained.
ANDRE NAVN: Bernese Mountain Dog, Swiss Mountain Dog
 
STØRRELSE: Stor
VEKT: Hann: 45-50kg
Tispe: 40-45kg
HØYDE: Hann: 64-70cm
Tispe: 58-66cm
FARGE(R): tri-colour
PELSLENGDE: Langhåret
PELS: Glatt, myk
PELSSTELL: Endel
ALLERGI: Ja
AKTIVITET: Endel
 

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Berner Sennenhund
Gårdshunder
[...gårdshund er en flyktig beskrivelse av hunder som tradisjonelt ble hold på gårdsbruk som en slags kombinerte vakthunder, gjeterhunde...]
Molosser
[...molosser er betegnelsen på en gruppe hunder med tung og massiv kroppsbygning. andre ord for molosser er mastiff og dogge, selv om begrepet molosser fa...]
Sennenhunder
[...sennenhunder er også kjent som sveitsiske kveghunder. det er en gruppe med tradisjonelle gårds- og kveghunder av molossertype som stammer fra sveits. ...]
Tamhund
[...tamhund (canis lupus familiaris), i norge også kalt hund, bisk, bikkje, kjøter og menneskets beste venn, er i realiteten en domestisert ulv som mennes...]
Vakt- og vokterhunder
[...vakt- og vokterhunder er en gruppe hunderaser som stort sett inkluderer storeraser som pinscher-, schnauzer-, molosser og sennenhunder, men også en hu...]
 

Bernese Mountain Dog
Om Bernese Mountain Dog:

One of four varieties of Swiss Mountain Dog, the Bernese Mountain Dog is the only variety that possesses a long, silky coat. A hardy dog that thrives in cold weather, the "Berner’s" intelligence, strength and agility helped him perform the drafting and droving work in the mountainous region where he originated. Today, this versatile breed participates in conformation, obedience, carting, agility, tracking, herding and therapy work. Like the other Swiss breeds, they are tri-colored, with patches of black, rust and white.

A Look Back

Bernese Mountain Dogs (Berner Sennenhund) originated in Switzerland and are named for the Canton of Bern. Historically, Berners were used as general purpose farm dogs. Their large, sturdy frames and calm, confident temperaments made them ideal for pulling carts to market, driving dairy cattle, watching the farm and acting as companions to farmers.

Right Breed for You?
Farm dogs by heritage, Berners need a moderate amount of exercise as well as consistent obedience training. As a double-coated breed, they also tend to shed, and so require regular brushing. Their gentle, easygoing manner and the need to be close to their people makes them a good fit for families.

  • Working Group; AKC recognized in 1937.
  • Ranging in size from 23 to 27½ inches tall at the shoulder.
  • Draft dog; drover; watch dog.

Rasebeskrivelse:

General Appearance
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a striking. tri-colored, large dog. He is sturdy and balanced. He is intelligent, strong and agile enough to do the draft and droving work for which he was used in the mountainous regions of his origin. Dogs appear masculine, while bitches are distinctly feminine.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Measured at the withers, dogs are 25 to 27½ inches; bitches are 23 to 26 inches. Though appearing square, Bernese Mountain Dogs are slightly longer in body than they are tall. Sturdy bone is of great importance. The body is full. Head - Expression is intelligent, animated and gentle. The eyes are dark brown and slightly oval in shape with close-fitting eyelids. Inverted or everted eyelids are serious faults. Blue eye color is a disqualification. The ears are medium sized, set high, triangular in shape. gently rounded at the tip, and hang close to the head when in repose. When the Bernese Mountain Dog is alert, the ears are brought forward and raised at the base; the top of the ear is level with the top of the skull. The skull is flat on top and broad, with a slight furrow and a well-defined, but not exaggerated stop. The muzzle is strong and straight. The nose is always black. The lips are clean and, as the Bernese Mountain Dog is a dry-mouthed breed, the flews are only slightly developed. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. An overshot or undershot bite is a serious fault. Dentition is complete.

Neck, Topline, Body
The neckis strong, muscular and of medium length. The topline is level from the withers to the croup. The chest is deep and capacious with well-sprung, but not barrel-shaped, ribs and brisket reaching at least to the elbows. The back is broad and firm. The loin is strong. The croup is broad and smoothly rounded to the tail insertion. The tail is bushy. It should be carried low when in repose. An upward swirl is permissible when the dog is alert, but the tail may never curl or be carried over the back. The bones in the tail should feel straight and should reach to the hock joint or below. A kink in the tail is a fault.

Forequarters
The shoulders are moderately laid back, flat-lying, well-muscled and never loose. The legs are straight and strong and the elbows are well under the shoulder when the dog is standing. The pasterns slope very slightly. but are never weak. Dewclaws may be removed. The feet are round and compact with well-arched toes.

Hindquarters
The thighs are broad, strong and muscular. The stifles are moderately bent and taper smoothly into the hocks. The hocks are well let down and straight as viewed from the rear. Dewclaws should be removed. Feet are compact and turn neither in nor out.

Coat
The coat is thick, moderately long and slightly wavy or straight. It has a bright natural sheen. Extremely curly or extremely dull-looking coats are undesirable. The Bernese Mountain Dog is shown in natural coat and undue trimming is to be discouraged.

Color and Markings
The Bernese Mountain Dog is tri-colored. The ground color is jet black. The markings are rich rust and clear white. Symmetry of markings is desired. Rust appears over each eye, on the cheeks reaching to at least the corner of the mouth, on each side of the chest, on all four legs, and under the tail. There is a white blaze and muzzle band. A white marking on the chest typically forms an inverted cross. The tip of the tail is white. White on the feet is desired but must not extend higher than the pasterns. Markings other than described are to be faulted in direct relationship to the extent of the deviation. White legs or a white collar are serious faults. Any ground color other than black is a disqualification.

Gait
The natural working gait of the Bernese Mountain Dog is a slow trot. However, in keeping with his use in draft and droving work, he is capable of speed and agility. There is good reach in front. Powerful drive from the rear is transmitted through a level back. There is no wasted action. Front and rear legs on each side follow through in the same plane. At increased speed, legs tend to converge toward the center line.

Temperament
The temperament is self-confident, alert and good-natured, never sharp or shy. The Bernese Mountain Dog should stand steady, though may remain aloof to the attentions of strangers.

Disqualifications
Blue eye color.
Any ground color other than black.

Approved February 10, 1990
Effective March 28, 1990



Historikk:

The Bernese Mountain Dog is aristocratic in appearance, and ancient in lineage. The breed has long been at home on the farms in the midland of Switzerland. One of the four varieties of Swiss Mountain Dogs, the Bernese known in its native land as the Berner Sennenhund, shares similar distinctive coloring with other varieties, but is the only one with a long, silky coat. The other three are the Appenzeller Sennenhund, the Entlebucher Sennenhund, and the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. These dogs worked as drovers and draft dogs as well as watchdogs in the farmyards mainly in the Canton of Berne.

The Bernese is an extremely hardy dog, thriving in cold weather. He needs only a small amount of daily grooming to maintain his coat. The breed desires human companionship, and is a willing and quick learner.

The Bernese Mountain Dog was first brought to the United States in 1926. The breed acquired AKC recognition in 1937.



Farger og egenheter:

Colors
 
Description Type Code
 
Black Rust & White S 028
Black Tan & White S 030
Black & Rust A 015
Black & White A 019
Rust & White A 162

 




Visste du?

  • The Bernese is one of four varieties of Swiss Mountain Dog.
  • The Bernese is known in native land as Berner Sennenhund.
  • The Bernese shares similar distinctive coloring with the other varieties of Swiss Mountain Dog, but it is the only one of the four to have a long, silky coat.
  • The Bernese worked as drovers and draft dogs as well as watchdogs in the farmyards, mainly in the Canton of Berne, Switzerland.
  • The ancestors of the Bernese dogs were brought into Switzerland over two thousand years ago by the invading Roman soldiers.
  • Until a few years before WWI, the Bernese had been almost forgotten by all save the oldest inhabitants of Berne, when the breed had become practically unrecognizable. It was not until 1892 that the Swiss fancier Franz Schertenleib attempted to find good specimens to be used as breeding stock.